Black pepper is one of the most commonly used spices in the world. Both black pepper and white pepper are prepared from the same species, Piper nigrum. However, white pepper is prepared by cooking and drying the ripe seeds, while black pepper is made by cooking the dried unripe fruit. Black pepper is used orally for:
- Stomach upset
- Menstrual pain
- Weight loss
Black pepper is used topically for treating measles, neuralgia, and scabies. Black pepper is also used topically as a counterirritant for pain. Black pepper oil is used via inhalation for fall prevention, smoking cessation, and swallowing dysfunction. Black pepper, white pepper, and pepper oil are used as flavoring agents in foods.
Also known as: Black Peppercorn, Extrait de Poivre, Grain de Poivre, Hu Jiao, Kali Mirchi, Kosho, Marich, Maricha, Miris, Peber, Peper, Pepe, Peppar, Pepper, Pepper Extract, Peppercorn, Pfeffer, Pimenta, Pimienta, Pimienta Negra, Pipar, Piper, Piperine, Pippuri, Poivre, Poivre Noir, Poivrier, Vellaja
In early historic times, pepper was widely cultivated in the tropics of Southeast Asia especially Kerala, India which is known as “Spices hub of the world“, where it became highly regarded as a condiment. Pepper became an important article of overland trade between India and Europe and often served as a medium of exchange; tributes were levied in pepper in ancient Greece and Rome. In the Middle Ages, the Venetians and the Genoese became the main distributors in Europe, and their virtual monopoly of the trade helped instigate the search for an eastern sea route. The plant is widely cultivated throughout Indonesia and has been introduced into tropical areas of Africa and of the Western Hemisphere.
Pink peppercorns are the fruits of the Peruvian pepper tree, Schinus molle, or its relative, the Brazilian pepper tree, Schinus terebinthifolius, plants from a different family (Anacardiaceae). As they are members of the cashew family, they may cause allergic reactions, including anaphylaxis, for persons with a tree nut allergy.
Ground Black Pepper adds an earthy kick and sharp aroma when blended into soups and stews, sprinkled on omelettes or rubbed on meat to season it before cooking. Where does black pepper come from? Is pepper a fruit? Find out more about ground black pepper and discover fun, new ways to incorporate the sharp, fiery flavour into your dishes.